Ethiopia school water filters for burayu

Title :                                   School water filters for Burayu

Country:                              Ethiopia 

No. of people reached:      6000

Total budget:                      12.680 Euros

Sponsoring organizations:  Aqua for All & Waterbedrijf Groningen

Organization in Ethiopia:  GACD

Organization in NL:                ARRAKIS

Period:                                1 year 2011 – 2012   


Tulip siphon filter


Ethiopia ranks 3rd out of 182 poor countries on the UN Development Index.  Of the 81 million people, over 70% live in rural areas where the majority does not have access to a safe water source[1].   Where water quality is a problem, House­hold Water Treatment and Safe storage (HWTS) is a solution which now is strongly promoted by the WHO. In Ethiopia, UNICEF and other organizations use Aquatabs (Chlorine tablets). In shops in Addis and other cities candle filters from India or UK (Brita) are for sale, starting at USD 30 per filter. Of the different HWTS options, filters are often preferred since they do not use chemicals and eliminate both turbidity and bacteria.

For this project the so called Tulip siphon filter is selected because of its small size, high filter capacity and low cost, ca 11 Euro retail price.*  Field tests and tests of the Dutch Water Laboratory Noord indicate that this filter produces 50 – 80 l/day good quality drinking water (eliminating turbidity and 99.99% of all harmful bacte­ria) The filter element has a long life, 3000-7000 liters,  because of the backwash cleaning system and it can be easily replaced. A water conference attended by the Ministry and several large NGOs in Ethiopia recognized the siphon filter as a preferred option. In other countries this filter model now is being used by organizations as OXFAM, Tearfund and UNICEF.One of the states with mayor water quality problems is Oromia where the organization GACD (Global Action for Community Development) is active in areas Burayu, Akaki, Dukem , Gimbich, and Illu-Galan. In many schools children take water from rivers, unprotected springs which are often polluted.

This project seeks to provide safe drinking water to schools in Burayu and 2 other areas where water problems are most urgent.  Teachers and children will be trained in the use and maintenance of these filters and a commercial supply chain guarantees the supply of spare parts.



To improve health and reduce waterborne diseases of school children by means of the dissemination of effective water filters.


Expected results

Progress reports


Photo's of  the Kuriyo primary school

End report : Final Report




[1] Progress on sanitation and drinking water - WHO / UNICEF 2010

* In the Publication Smart Disinfection Solutions some 10 HWTS options are compared. Of Household filters  both pot filters of PfP and Siphon filters are adequate options.