Malawi water for usisya
Title ; Water for Usisya
People reached; 5000
Total budget; 21.659 Euro
Sponsoring org.: Aqua for All & Waterbedrijf Groningen
Org. in Malawi: CCAP
Org in Nl: ARRAKIS
Period : 2 years 2011-2013
Usisya in Malawi is located some 40 km north-east of Mzuzu, the regional headquarters of the Northern Region of Malawi, and about 300 km north of the capital Lilongwe. The centralized piped water system of 82 taps installed there reaches some 6000 persons but due to contamination of the supply above the intake, as well as a lack of a sustainable maintenance programme it is not able to supply safe water as intended. Therefore people may take contaminated water from the tap, or from rivers and directly from the lake Malawi. This water is often contaminated with faecal coliforms because of animals and human activities upstream. Especially in the rainy season it is also turbid because of the erosion. Because of this contamination and poor hygiene the incidence of diarrhea is one of the highest in the country and in some villages there have been cholera outbreaks. To improve this situation it is proposed to implement a 3-stage program of (a) well improvement, (b) health and hygiene education, and (c) promotion of household water treatment solutions (HWT’s) which include Waterguard, PUR and Tulip Siphon filters. The local organization Temwa among others involved in the prevention of Hiv/Aids, has demonstrated these filters in this area which generated much interest. The Church of Central Africa, Presbyterian (CCAP), who is working with Temwa, requested advisor Henk Holtslag who advises other Malawian NGOs in rope pumps and well drilling, to assist in a project that enhances existing hygiene promotion, for instance on schools in the area and expand the number choices of HWT by including effective low cost Tulip water filters besides the others options. For filter import and first dissemination in Usisya, CAPP received funding for 400 filters from the so called BevNet group from the US. This fund was generated by SWI, Safe Water International and Larry Siegel who is involved in this and other area in rope pumps and water filters. Where possible, the project will use the guidelines of the 300in6 initiative of which Aquaforall is host. The main guideline of 300in6 is “no gifts” (except in schools emergencies and special cases). If people pay they have more ownership. For information see www.300in6.org.
Increase health and reduce the number of water borne diseases by means of making new wells, improving existing open wells and the introduction of household water filters
- 4500 Children will have safe drinking water at school with water filters and receive classes in maintenance and hygiene aspects
- 1500 People will gain access to an improved water source
- In the project area a reduction of 30% or more of cases of diarrhea caused by contaminated water
- A sustainable supply chain of both spares for the hand pumps and new Siphon filters and replacement parts, so that families can buy new parts long after the project has ceased.
- Children that use HWTs at school will bring home the message of the importance of Hygiene and safe water and urge parents to use one of the HWT options
- In villages where the schools are there is one or more selling points, (for instance a local shop) which sell filters and spares to the school and public in general. In this way schools and families can buy new parts during the project and after the project has stopped. These local sales points will be supplied by the filter importer in Malawi
- Ideas for payment options for families that want to buy a hand pump or water filter, but can not pay them in one time These ideas can include the use of Micro Finance Institutions (MFIs) or other options.
- The access of water nearer to the houses will stimulate productive use such as watering animals and small scale irrigation which will increase family income and lead to more food security.
- At the end of the program, a final report of the results, including ‘lessons learned about increasing demand for water filters through filters in schools”
- A plan on options for continuation and accelerating this development.
Progress up to August 2012 by CCAP : Progress Report August 2012
Final Report Sept 2013 by CCAP: End Report